Celebrating Different Types of Literacy this International Literacy Day
This Saturday, September 8th, is International Literacy Day, a day for governments and civil society around the world to celebrate and reflect on progress made toward addressing the nearly 14% of the world’s population above age 15 who lack literacy skills, a majority of whom are women. With this year’s theme of Literacy and Skills Development, we must consider the different kinds of literacy that are needed for success in today’s world beyond the foundational skill of reading literacy. Today’s economic, social and cultural demands call upon us to not only have mastery of reading, but to be media literate, digitally literate, and to be literate in a broad set of life skills that enable us to continue learning, adapting and innovating as these demands continue to rapidly advance. Sustainable Development Goal 4 on Education recognizes these needs by setting targets to ensure youth and adults gain relevant technical and vocational skills (4.4) and skills to promote sustainable development (4.7), in addition to ensuring all youth gain literacy and numeracy skills (4.6).
Connect To Learn has worked since 2011 to improve the quality of education for youth – especially girls – in some of the most remote corners of the world where literacy rates are particularly low. It is not uncommon in the schools where we work to see students entering secondary school barely able to read in their language of instruction. We work on numerous fronts at the primary and secondary levels to improve the quality of teaching and learning during the school day, but one key lesson we have learned is that, even with the strong foundation in literacy skills and academic subject knowledge that comes with a secondary education diploma, many young people graduate without the skills or financial resources to further their education or find jobs. To illustrate this point, among two cohorts of graduates from Ghana and Tanzania who graduated between 2013-15, data collected six months to one year after graduation show that among 123 graduates, only 11% were enrolled in some kind of higher education or training program, and just 13% were employed at least half-time. The jobs that are available and will become available in the near future demand a host of other literacies that our education systems are struggling to keep up with. It is for these reasons that Connect To Learn has expanded our programming areas to equip secondary school students and recent graduates with skills in areas including cyber wellness and digital literacy, financial literacy and entrepreneurship.
In Rwanda, a group of 37 young women who graduated from secondary school in December 2017 have just completed 8 months of vocational skills training in areas of weaving and tailoring. A rarity in the development world, the vocational training program was developed as a direct response to requests from the girls and their teachers during secondary school, who were keenly aware of the challenges the girls would likely face after graduation. Teachers from the two schools attended by Connect To Learn scholarship students put together a proposal and budget to support a three month vocational training program between the girls’ second and final year of senior secondary school. The training was so well received that plans started to form to continue their training after graduation.
Beyond these traditional vocational skill areas, the young women have developed their digital literacy through training in photography and marketing which they have put to use in growing a large following on their Instagram account they created to promote their products. They have nurtured their financial literacy skills by using financial planning tools to plan for their business startup costs, by learning to conduct international business using platforms like Western Union, and by developing order and invoice forms that they used to participate in a local exhibition event where they shared their offering with local buyers and political leaders. And they have continued improving their English literacy skills by engaging directly with international partners and clients over platforms like WhatsApp and Skype. The program has evolved organically as the young women and members of the Connect To Learn team seek to identify opportunities for the young women to practice these various skills through events, mentorship, and sales opportunities.
As the training comes to a close, the group of young women are taking the necessary steps to incorporate their new cooperative called “Visions Connect To Learn Cooperative.” One of the new cooperative’s elected leaders, Vestine Mukeshimana, described her experience at the recent exhibition by saying “we are getting more ideas for making different designs that are popular among women and girls… we are getting a greater vision of what our training group can do.” She says their future plans include attending an Exhibition in Kigali where they will find more clientele interested in purchasing their products.
This International Literacy Day, let’s honor and celebrate all the work being done to promote the numerous literacies that our world’s youth and adults need to thrive.